Living Laboratories

Research on living laboratories established by Universities across the globe resulted in the publication of a book with 12 case studies of living laboratories being built in leading universities across four continents. Living laboratories are established as institutional frameworks for social learning processes for sustainability. They will mediate local choices by diverse stakeholders of global technological options and best practices, and further adapt these to local circumstances. They are designed to link research, education and practice and to integrate knowledge across disciplines to develop more socially robust approaches and local agreement on concerted action for improving sustainability. Directing attention to what enables and what constrains learning in communities of multiple and very diverse stakeholders in such laboratories can contribute to the development of an integrated understanding of factors influencing the chance of success (or failure), and the institutional arrangements, norms and values that accompany it.